Why Was The Munich Agreement So Important

When Chamberlain returned from Munich, he told an excited crowd at Heston Airport, “This is peace for our time,” waving the agreement he had signed with Hitler. This was the culmination of the policy of appeasement. Six months later, Hitler broke his promises and ordered his armies to invade Prague. In less than a year, Britain and France were at war with Germany. September 29-30, 1938: Germany, Italy, Britain and France sign the Munich Accords, according to which Czechoslovakia must cede its border regions and defense zones (the so-called Sudetenland region) to Nazi Germany. German troops occupied these areas between 1 and 10 October 1938. In the meantime, the British government has asked Beneš to ask for an ombudsman. As Beneš did not want to sever his government`s relations with Western Europe, he reluctantly agreed. The Sudeten Germans were under Hitler`s instructions to avoid compromises,[25] and the SdP organized demonstrations that provoked police action in Ostrava on September 7, during which two of their deputies were arrested. [23] Sudeten Germans used the incident and false allegations of other atrocities as a pretext to break off new negotiations. [23] [26] The Czechoslovaks were dismayed by the munich colony.

They were not invited to the conference and felt betrayed by the British and French governments. Many Czechs and Slovaks refer to the Munich Agreement as the Munich diktat (Czech: Mnichovský diktát; Slovak: Mníchovský diktát). The term “betrayal of Munich” (Czech: Mnichovská zrada; Slovak: Mníchovská zrada) is also used because Czechoslovakia`s military alliance with France proved useless. This was also reflected in the fact that the French government in particular had expressed the opinion that Czechoslovakia would be held responsible for a European war that would result if the Czechoslovak Republic defended itself by force against German incursions. [59] In 1938, the Soviet Union was allied with France and Czechoslovakia. By September 1939, the Soviets were in every way a comrade-in-arms of Nazi Germany, with Stalin fearing a second Munich Agreement with the Soviet Union, replacing Czechoslovakia. Thus, the agreement indirectly contributed to the outbreak of war in 1939. [60] The agreement was generally welcomed. French Prime Minister Daladier did not believe, as one scholar put it, that a European war was justified “to keep three million Germans under Czech sovereignty.” But the same argument applies to Alsace-Lorraine – unlike the alliance between France and Czechoslovakia against German aggression. Gallup polls in Britain, France and the United States showed that the majority of people supported the deal. President Beneš was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1939. [52] If Germany`s objective was the economic and financial destruction of Czechoslovakia, the Munich Agreements go a long way to satisfy them.